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WATER & HYDRATION (WTR)
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This kit explores the nature and contaminants of water as well as how water is absorbed and utilized by the human body. There are 29 signatures related to the Renal-Endocrine System for blood pressure control.
- Two hydrogen molecules
H2O Water Molecule
- Electrolytes are mineral salts that when dissolved in water conduct electricity; they are used in metabolic processes through an exchange of ions. Sodium, calcium, potassium, magnesium, chloride, in certain concentrations inside and outside of cells are essential for the flow of water and other molecules, nutrients and waste.
Water, Boiling, at 100C
Water, Bottled in Plastic
- Plastic bottled water containers are made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polycarbonate (PC), and high density polyethylene (HDPE) plastics. PET accounts for 78.8 percent of plastic water bottles, PC for 12 percent, and HDPE for 9.2 percent.
Water, Contaminants, Atrazine
Water, Contaminants, Glyphosate
Water, Contaminants, Nitrates, Nitrites
- Fertilizer, livestock manure, and human sewage can be significant contributors of nitrates and nitrites in groundwater sources of drinking water
Water, Contaminants, Lead & Copper
Water, Contaminants, Methylmercury
Water, Contaminants, Arsenic
Water, Contaminants, Perchlorate
- “Perchlorate is a naturally occurring and man-made chemical that has been found in surface and groundwater in the United States. Perchlorate is used in the manufacture of fireworks, explosives, flares, and rocket fuel. Perchlorate was detected in just over 4% of public water systems in a nationally representative monitoring study conducted from 2001–2005.” https://www.epa.gov/sites/default/files/2015-10/documents/ace3_drinking_water.pdf
Water, Contaminants, Pharmaceuticals
- Many concentrated animal feeding operations treat livestock with hormones and antibiotics, and can be one significant source of pharmaceuticals in water. Many other pharmaceuticals are present in tap water.
Water, Contaminants, Microorganisms
Water, Contaminants, Disinfectant By-Products
- When chemical disinfectants react with naturally occurring organic matter in water create they create by-products -- the most common disinfection by-products are chloroform and other trihalomethanes. https://www.epa.gov/sites/default/files/2015-10/documents/ace3_drinking_water.pdf
Water, Contaminants, Fluoride
Water, Contaminants, Chlorine
- Since distilled water doesn't contain its minerals, it will pull them from the body. So when you drink distilled water, it may pull small amounts of minerals from your body, including from your teeth.
Water, Fresh Water / Lake Water
- Makes up less than 1% of water on earth
Water, Frozen, at 0C
- Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth's surface in rock and soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations. About 30 percent of all readily available freshwater in the world is groundwater.
Water, Liquid, at 1C
- Makes up about 97% of water on earth.
Water, Reverse Osmosis
Water, Spring Water / Mineral Water
Water, Surface Water
- Surface water is the water that is present on the Earth's surface in rivers, streams, lakes, oceans, glaciers etc.
Water, Tap water
- Tap water also includes:
- chlorine to destroy bacteria, algae and viruses
- fluoride to help prevent tooth decay
- ammonia to ensure chlorine levels remain consistent as water travels through the distribution system
- phosphoric acid, helps create a barrier between residential lead pipes and drinking water, to control erosion
Water, Well Water
- ALD is a steroid hormone your adrenal glands release to help regulate blood pressure by managing the levels of sodium and potassium in your blood.
- Angiotensin I has mild vasoconstrictor properties but not enough to cause significant changes in circulatory function. Is converted by ACE to Angiotensin II.
- Angiotensin II also called angiotonin, is a hormone that causes the muscular walls of small arteries (arterioles) to constrict, which increases blood pressure. Angiotensin II also triggers your adrenal glands to release aldosterone and your pituitary gland to release antidiuretic hormone (ADH).
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE)
- ACE, a central component of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), converts the hormone angiotensin to the active vasoconstrictor angiotensin II, Therefore, ACE indirectly increases blood pressure by causing blood vessels to constrict. ACE inhibitors are pharmaceutical drugs used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
- Two well known receptors are angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1 receptor) and type 2 receptor (AT2 receptor). They respond to the hormone angiotensin II.
Anti-Diuretic Hormone (ADH) / Vasopressin
- “In the case of water deficit, osmolality of the extracellular fluids, in particular of plasma, increases above its normal value (about 280 mOsmol/kg H2O). This increase, which in practice means an increase in plasma sodium concentration, is detected by osmoreceptors that stimulate the release of ADH. ADH is synthetized in the hypothalamus and stored in the posterior pituitary gland.”
Aquaporin Water Channels
- “Aquaporins, channel proteins that form pores in cell membranes, selectively conduct water molecules in and out of the cell, while preventing the passage of ions and other solutes. There are thirteen known types of aquaporins in mammals; six of these are located in the kidney.” The absorption process is very rapid: a recently published study showed that ingested water appears in plasma and blood cells as soon as 5 minutes after ingestion. https://h4h-website.s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/home/monograph/NADy7B3eR5iRPq-DVLH6kQ.pdf
- A 2015 Cochrane review used “serum osmolality of greater than 294 mOSm/kg to define dehydration.”
- “Although tightly regulated, body water balance can encounter challenges leading to a temporary state of hypohydration or hyperhydration. Dehydration is the process of losing body water, while hypohydration refers to an equilibrated state of body water deficit, and is therefore the result of dehydration. https://h4h-website.s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/home/monograph/NADy7B3eR5iRPq-DVLH6kQ.pdf
- Thiazides are the most commonly prescribed diuretics. Diuretics are used to reduce water and salt/sodium in the body. They're most often used to treat high blood pressure.
- Diuresis is the excretion of urine, especially when it is excessive. The term collectively denotes the physiologic processes underpinning increased urine production by the kidneys during maintenance of fluid balance. Wikipedia
- Endothelial cells produce endothelin 1 (ET-1), which is a potent vasoconstrictor.
- Persistent elevated blood pressure.
Exocrine System, Body Fluids
Fluid, Intracellular Fluid
- 65% of all body water is intracellular
Fluid, Extracellular Fluid
- Plasma fluid and interstitial fluid have a similar electrolyte composition, the most abundant ions being sodium and chloride. https://h4h-website.s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/home/monograph/NADy7B3eR5iRPq-DVLH6kQ.pdf
- In addition to vasodilatation, nitric oxide (NO) also has anti-proliferative, anti-thrombotic, leukocyte adhesion inhibition effects, and influences myocardial contractility. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3230096/
- Both a neurotransmitter and hormone, norepinephrine is produced in the brain, adrenal glands increases alertness, heart rate and blood pressure.
Osmolality, Blood Osmolality
- “Changes in blood osmolality correlate well with the subjective feeling of thirst in humans, and increased blood osmolality is probably the most important homeostatic signal for drinking in everyday life.” https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5957508/
- Osmolality is the relative concentration of chemical particles found in fluid. Blood osmolality, the balance of fluid and charged minerals or electrolytes, is key to hydration
- The main stimulus for thirst is an increase in plasma osmolality. This increase is detected by osmoreceptors that initiate neural mechanisms resulting in the sensation of thirst.
- Osmoreceptors maintain the osmolality of the blood through a coordinated set of neuroendocrine, autonomic, and behavioral feedbacks. These responses aid cellular function by maintaining the osmolar gradient of various ions.
- However, the secretion of the anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) in response to increased plasma osmolality occurs at a lower threshold than the threshold for thirst, around 280 mOsm/kg versus 290-295 mOsm/kg respectively
- Renin is an enzyme made by special cells in the kidneys. Renin works with aldosterone and several other substances to help balance sodium and potassium levels in the blood and fluid levels in the body, which affects your blood pressure. Renin is released into the bloodstream when blood pressure drops too low. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470410/
- Sweat is the major mechanism for thermoregulation for active people. During physical activity, for example, metabolic efficiency of the muscles is about 20%, liberating 80% of energy as heat. https://h4h-website.s3.eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/home/monograph/NADy7B3eR5iRPq-DVLH6kQ.pdf
- Water losses occur mainly through urine, sweat, insensible losses (skin and lungs) and stools. Metabolic water production compensates for only a small part of these losses, which therefore have to be compensated by dietary intakes from food and fluids to reach water balance
- Urine is the result of the two major functions of the kidneys; the excretion of solute wastes and the regulation of body fluid volumes.
Water Muscle Lattices
- It is difficult to explain this strong binding of water in any other way than by the formation of “icebergs” water lattices formed around the fibrous actomyosin particles. On addition of ATP, this water structure collapses, and the actomyosin becomes a practically anhydrous material. This collapse of the water structure declares itself to the observer as a contraction of the actomyosin thread. Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, Bioenergetics,” Science, Vo. 124, No. 3227 (Nov. 2, 1956) pp. 873-875. https://profiles.nlm.nih.gov/spotlight/wg/catalog/nlm:nlmuid-101584924X136-doc
Quantity: 69 Vials
Model : WTR
Note: Ergopathics test kits are not intended to diagnose, prevent, treat or cure any disease, disorder or abnormal physical state. The vials contain ethanol and water and the process used to imprint them with electromagnetic signatures has not been tested or validated by any scientific method and is not approved by any regulatory authority. They are intended for use solely by qualified providers to support wellness and manage stress.
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WATER & HYDRATION (WTR)
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